Q. In Google Scholar, what does 'cited by' mean?
Clicking the 'cited by' link in Google Scholar will display a list of articles and documents that have cited the document originally retrieved in the search. This makes it possible to uncover other documents that are related by topic or subject to the original document.
However, Google Scholar only includes articles that are indexed within its database, and this is a much smaller subset of scholarly articles than found in some other UVic-subscribed databases. You may want to try the Web of Science database which may yield more comprehensive results.